Generally, there are several things and places that tend to
be hit by lightening: tall and big buildings and storage
tanks without facilities for lightening prevention or with
unqualified ones; metal roofs that are not well-grounded;
buildings and trees in damp or open places; buildings with
wireless but without lightening arresters and any places
not well-grounded. Above all, how can we prevent lightening?
Generally, there are several things and places that tend to be
hit by lightening: tall and big buildings and storage tanks without
facilities for lightening prevention or with unqualified ones; metal roofs
that are not well-grounded; buildings and trees in damp or open places;
buildings with wireless but without lightening arresters and
any places not well-grounded, the following measures should be
taken to avoid lightning strikes:
1) Provide lightening protection on buildings, which means
transmitting the electricity into the ground and eliminating it.
2) Don’t get close to any high voltage transformer rooms,
high-tension electric wires or isolated high buildings, chimneys,
electric poles, flagpoles, etc during a storm. What’s more,
never stand in an open place or under a tree when it is raining.
3) Don’t stay near or stand on outdoor mental goods
stacks wearing wet clothes.
4) Turn off your phone at the top of the mountain
and never make any phone call under stormy weather.
5) Don’t touch or get close to the grounded wires of
facilities used as lightening prevention under stormy weather.
6) Be away from cables for lights, telephones, televisions
and any other kind of electric wires when there is a thunderstorm,
in case that one may get injured by the intrusive lightening.
7) When it is raining with thunder, don’t stay around mountaintops
or areas with small hills, don’t keep going upwards to enjoy the rain,
don’t take trees and telegraph poles or walk or stand in spacious field.
It is advisable to hide in low-lying places. Besides, staying in houses
and dry caves are also feasible ways.
8）During a thunderstorm, don’t use umbrellas with metal handles. Take
off metal glasses, watches and belts. Stay away from bicycles if you are
cycling. Moreover, keep distance from any metallic objects to avoid being
stricken by lightening.
9）During a thunderstorm, don’t go swimming, boating, or fishing around
rivers and lakes.
10）When lightening flashes with rattling thunder and blowing rain, turn
off electrical appliances like radios, recorders, speaker boxes,and air
conditioners to prevent the conduction of electricity. When thunder comes,
it is safer to stay in the right middle of the room. But don’t stay beneath
electric lights or lean against any pillars, walls or windows in case that
the thunder may cause faradism and lead to accidents. When lightening strike
happens, people who got hit should be taken to hospital soon. If it causes
pauses in breathing or cardiac arrest, first aid including CPR should be
actively given on the scene at once.
Do not ignore first aid as rushing the patients to hospital, or you will
miss the best time to save them. Sometimes follow-up CPR is necessary
on the way to hospital. What’s more, the injured also need heat preservation
for their heads. Cold compresses on head are needed if the patients show
a mental symptom of manic spasms and convulsions. Under emergency conditions,
keeping the burned parts dry or binding is enough.
From what happens when thunder and lightening are taking shape and happening,
lightening strikes often hit places that are open, wet, on the top of buildings,
under tall trees and around lakes and rivers. When a thunderstorm happens,
you should immediately pull out the plugs of televisions and fridges and cut
of the power of antennas even there are lightening rods. In this way you can
prevent the spatial electromagnetic disturbance causing unnecessary losses.