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The strongest earthquake in China

2019-12-04  |   Editor : houguangbing  

On January 23, 1556, an earthquake of 8 magnitude struck Hua County, Shanxi province, killing 830,000 people. This is the deadliest earthquake in our history. According to , there were no small and medium-sized earthquakes before the earthquake. But to the right, there was sense of land rotation and dizzy feeling in the epicenter area; after the earthquake, victims have considered using wooden boards as walls to resist earthquake.

On December 26th, 1920, an earthquake of magnitude 8.5 struck Haiyuan, Ningxia province. The earthquake killed 240,000 people and destroyed 4 cities as well as several counties.

On May 23, 1927, an earthquake of magnitude 8 hit Gulang, Gansu province, in which around 40000 people died. When the earthquake occurred, the land crazed and green blackwater spewed out and the sulfur gases killed unaccountable famine refugees.

On December 25th, 1932, an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 occurred in Changmabao, Gansu province and killed 70000 people. When the earthquake hit, there was yellow wind and white light moving back and forth on the wall of yellow earth; the mountain rock burst out of dust, and the city of Jiayuguan, a famous historic site in China, was collapsed; the snow peak collapsed in Shule river, Henan province; The thousand Buddha caves are rolling and aftershocks even unexpectedly continued for a year.

On August 25th, 1933, an earthquake of magnitude 5 hit Diexi town, Mao County, Sichuan province. When the earthquake occurred, the ground vomited yellow fog, city was destroyed and a shepherd boy unexpectedly flew over two mountains. The huge landslide caused the Minjiang to break down and become a lake.

On August 15th, 1950, a strong earthquake of magnitude 8.6 occurred in Chayu, Tibet. Hundreds of thousands of square kilometers in the Himalayas were instantly out of all recognition; The Yarlung Zangbo River was cut into four sections in the landslide and the whole village was thrown across the river. More than 2,000 homes and temples were destroyed and at least 1500 people died.

On March 8th, 1966, an earthquake of magnitude 6.8 hit Longyao, Xingtai, Hebei province. On March 22, 1966, an earthquake of magnitude 7.2 struck Ningjing County, Xingtai, Hebei province, killing over 8000 people, inguring 38000 people and caused economic loss of 1 billion yuan.

On January 5th, 1970, an earthquake of magnitude 7.7 hit Tonghai, Yunnan province, killing more than 15000 people and inguring over 32000 people. After the foundation of our country in 1949, this is the second disaster that caused death of more than 10000 people since 1954, when the Yangtze River overflowed.

On February 4, 1975, an earthquake of magnitude 7.3 hit Haicheng, Liaoning. The huge and disastous loss was avoided since the earthquake was successfully forecasted and prevented and it was therefore called the miracle in the history of world science and technology in the 20th century.

On July 28th, 1976, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 hit Tangshan, Hebei province, killing more than 240,000 peole and injuring seriously 160,000 people and a heavy industrial city was destroyed, with direct economic losses of more than 10 billion and it was the deadliest earthquake in the world in the 20th century.

On November 6th, 1988, two strong earthquakes of magnitude 7.6 and magnitude 7.2 hit Lancang and Genma, Yunnan province. The two places were 120 kilometers apart but the occurrence time was just 13 minutes apart. Two counties were destroyed, injuring over 4000 people, killing more than 700 people and causing economic loss of 2.5 billion.

On May 12, 2008, an earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hit Wenchuan, Sichuan province and the directly and severely affected area was up to 100,000 square kilometers. Earthquake in Wenchuan, Sichuan caused 69227 people to die, 374643 people to injure and 17923 people to miss. More than 15 million people have been relocated and over 40 million people have been affected.

On April 20th, 2013, an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 hit Lushan, Yaan, Sichuan province, with a depth of 3km, cuasing heavy casualties and property loss. More than 190 peole died, over 10000 people injured and more than 380,000 people were affected.

Figure2-2: Haiyuan earthquake(source:www.baidu.com)
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