(1) If the dust is too large, the water should be sprayed to
avoid choking the buried person.
(2) Open the enclosed space of the buried pressure personnel
as soon as possible to make the fresh air flow; the head of
the buried person should be exposed as soon as possible to
remove the dust from the nose to ensure smooth breathing.
(3) For persons who are seriously injured and can't leave the bury place,
first try to clear bury things carefully and then carry them out of
the ruins. Never pull and drag strongly. For hungry, injured,
seriously suffocated persons who are buried for a long time,
they should be covered their eyes with a cloth after being rescued,
avoiding strong light stimulation. Rescue workers should bind up the injuries
or send them to hospital for medical treatment according to their condition.
For cervical and lumbar injuries, use a hardboard stretcher to
fix the body after exposing its body and then slowly remove it slowly
and send it to the medical center in time. For critically injured people,
try to give first aid as far as possible, and then send them
to the medical center or hospital quickly.
(4) If the rescue trapped persons in high places, use the special handbarrows
to transfer the persons smoothly to the ground through ropes, or use ladders
to put people in low place slowly. If there is no special tool,
you can also use local materials to find bed board and other things
to make simple tools for transporting people.
When rescuing, do not be impatient and try to pay special attention to
the safety of the buried persons. In past earthquakes, some rescuers
acted blindly, trampling over the roof of the buried victims and
crushing the buried persons. Therefore, it is necessary to have scientific
analysis and action in the rescue process for good rescue effect.
Blind action often causes new damage to the victims.
(5) Rescue workers should use underground detection and rescue
equipment to rescue workers who have fallen underground.