Concepts about natural disasters emergency
Natural disaster emergency refers to the measures to the emergency.
Generally, it requires some actions that go beyond the normal working
procedure to avoid the accident or reduce the damage. Natural disaster
emergency sometimes also refers to immediate action beyond normal
Emergency management to the natural disasters
Emergency management to the natural disasters refers to the controlling
process that public management institutions formulating emergency plans
and measures to the natural disasters have occurred or may occur, and
also, monitoring, warning, reacting, reporting and disposing to the
emergencies through establishing the necessary public event response
mechanism for sudden natural disasters.
The relationship between natural disaster emergencies and management
The state council’s “opinions on strengthening emergency management”
(guo fa (2006) 24) points out that strengthening emergency management
is a major event that affects the overall national economic and social
development and the safety of people’s lives and property, is an
important part of the comprehensive realization of the scientific outlook
on development and the construction of a harmonious socialist society,
and also is an important manifestation of governments at all levels to
insist on putting people first, governing for the people and fully
performing government functions.
Nowadays, with China’s modernization has entered a new stage and reform
and development are at a crucial point, there are more factors affecting
public safety so that all kinds of public emergencies occur frequently.
However, the foundation of China’s emergency management is still weak,
and the system, mechanism and legal system are not perfect and the ability
to prevent and handle public emergencies need to be improved. The
relationship between natural disaster emergency response and management
is to deal with unexpected and unusual events with the hands and the
methods of scientific management.
Effective response refers to the scientific methods to achieve the
desired purpose during the process of dealing with the emergencies.