For every nature lover, we should firmly establish awareness of
fire prevention and mitigation. When strolling about in fields,
especially going into mountains in autumn and winter or entering into
the forest, be extremely cautious and don't bring fire into those places.
Furthermore, don’t smoke or barbecue food. As long as we pay attention to
our code of conduct, we can minimize the occurrence of forest and
grassland fires. In the forest, once you encounter a fire disaster,
try to keep calm, draw on local materials and protect yourself
as soon as possible.
(1) Once the fire occurs, go into the fire where the fire has gone
through (areas that have been burned will not burn again
so it is relatively safe).
(2) If you are surrounded by a fire in halfway of the hill,
you should run downhill fast and avoid running uphill. The speed of spreading to
the mountain of the fire is faster than the speed of man.
(3) If you are surrounded by fire in the valley or at the foot of the mountain,
you should be retreat to a flat, open area with less vegetation,
and fire to save yourself. You can fire the combustibles around you,
and when there is a cleanning, quickly go into it and lie down to
get out of the smoke. When firing, position the ignition accurately
and ignite from the back to the direction of the fire to prevent fire burns.
After ignition, quickly evacuated as soon as possible.
(4) If the fire is dangerous and emergent and leaving no time to save oneself,
choose relatively open are with less vegetation around the place quickly
and lie down with the foot towards the direction of fire head.
Use coat cover head, at the same time quickly with a shallow pit on the ground
and cover your head with outerwear and dig a shallow pit. And then cover your head
and face using hand and and took a deep breath, waiting until the fire goes.
(5) Once you find yourself stuck in the forest fire area, you should
use wet towel to cover your mouth and nose. If there is water around you,
it is best to soak your clothes in order to prevent the high temperature,
smoke and the harm of carbon monoxide.
(6)If you are surrounded by a fire, which is indeed a crisis and at this time,
you have no way to save yourself, quickly select place with relatively
weak clothes to cover the head and rush out of the fire against the fire.
Never race with the fire, only rush throught the fire.
(7) If you encounter fire in the forest, be sure to pay close attention to
wind direction changes because the wind direction represents the direction of
the spreading of the fire, which also determins whether the direction of escape
is correct. Although fire in forest and grassland is difficult to completely
eliminated, however, reducing the occurrence of fire can be realized
completely by actively prevention.
For a long time, due to the weak awareness of fire protection
and lack of knowledge of fire prevention, fire danger is almost the neighbor
of human beings. According to relevant data, in recent years,
more than 40,000 fires have occurred in China every year,
and nearly 10,000 people have been killed or injured.