The State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (SKLGP) is located in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, Southwest China. With dozens of years of history, in 1989 it was approved as a state professional laboratory by the State Development Planning Commission and the State Education Commission, established for the state key discipline “Geological Engineering” in Chengdu University of Technology (originally Chengdu College of Geology). It was recognized as the Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province by the local government in 2001. Targeted at the applied basic research of geohazard prevention and geoenvironment protection, SKLGP provides theories and technologies for natural disaster prevention and the state major projects. With its orientation, SKLGP integrates the generation background, forming mechanism, early identification, monitoring and early warning of serious geological disasters, which are either induced by nature or human activities, as well as the theories and methods of project management, forming a first-tier research centre, which combines applied basic research, the development and promotion of advanced technologies, the education of talents with international communication and cooperation, in a comprehensive way to support the national objective of geohazard prevention and geoenvironment protection theoretically and technologically.With 60 years of state key discipline “geological engineering” development in Chengdu University of Technology, four research directions have been established in SKLGP under the combination of discipline frontier and key problems. They are: 1) serious geohazard assessment and prevention, 2) crossfeed action between human activities and geoenvironment and disaster control, 3) regional geoenvironment evaluation and protection, 4) geohazard monitoring and early warning and geoinformation systems.