Changbai Mountain Tianchi volcano
Changbai Mountain is located in the southeastern border of Jilin
Province, the main peak on one side of our country is Baiyun Peak,
the highest peak in Northeast China with an altitude of 2691m.
Tianchi in Changbai Mountain and its surrounding areas are the
source of Songhua, Yalu and Tumen River. The water surface of
Tianchi Lake is 2189.7m above sea level and the deepest reaches
373m. Changbai Mountain has a wonderful scenery, the complete
vertical landscape and primitive ecosystem are typical natural
complexes, it is one of the largest nature reserves in China.
Figure 3-8 Changbai Mountain volcano (Source: www.tourtx.cn)
Changbai Mountain is the largest volcanic area in East Asia.
Changbai Mountain Tianchi volcano is the most complete Cenozoic
multi-genesis compound volcano preserved in China, the cone is
formed by the superposition of many volcanic magma ejections.
It consists of five parts: Changbai Mountain giant volcanic cone,
Wangtian’e shield volcanic cone, piedmont inclined lava plateau,
lava platform and parasitic volcanic group. Changbai Mountain
is an active volcano, which erupted many times in history, with
an average of two or three hundred years in modern times.
Jingbo Lake volcano, Heilongjiang
Holocene volcano in Jingbo Lake, Heilongjiang Province, has 13
craters, all of which are composite volcanoes. It is speculated
that the latest stage of Holocene volcanic activity in Jingbo
Lake may be about 1000 years. According to the present evidence
of volcanic geology and chronology, there is no objection to
the Holocene volcanic eruption in Jingbo Lake.
Longgang volcano, Jilin
Longgang volcanic group is dotted with more than 160 volcanic cones,
which show the characteristics of high density and multi-center
explosive eruption. From the west of Jingyu county to the boundary
between Jingyu and Huinan, the low-level volcano crater (maar) represented
by Longwan, has become a major landscape of Longgang volcanic group,
among them, Dalongwan and Triangle-longwan have been developed into the
only scenic spots of the low-level volcanic crater with beautiful scenery
in China. In the area surrounded by Longwan, a towering volcanic cone-Jinlong
Dingzi volcano rises straight from the ground. Longgang volcano is one of
the few Quaternary volcanoes that still have eruption activity in modern China.