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2020-02-27  |   Editor : houxue2018  

The great tsunami events in history

Japan has Minghai Bay hot spring tsunami

On May 21, 1793, a strong earthquake struck Kyushu Island, triggering about 535 million m³ of earth and rock, from the front mountain and main peak of the hot spring, falling into the open bay below 2700 m, causing a great tsunami, the 10-meter surge destroyed the coastal zone and killed 14920 people.

Tsunami in Keelung, Taiwan, China

On December 18, 1867, a magnitude of 6 earthquake occurred in the northern waters of Keelung, the sea water in Keelung port quickly withdrew from the bay, forming an unprecedented ebb tide and exposing the seabed, causing many ships to be stranded in the harbor. However, immediately after that, the sea water poured into the harbor at a very fast speed, the ferocious sea water washed the seawall and rushed to the urban area, causing many houses to be destroyed and hundreds of people died in the disaster.

Tsunami in Kala Hito, Indonesia

On August 27, 1883, the Karakato volcano in the southwestern corner of Java erupted at 10:00 am on that day. The ash cloud rose to an altitude of 80.5 km and then formed a crater about 300 m deep on the island, a large amount of sea water poured into the crater, causing a tsunami. The sound of the tsunami could be heard more than 2,000 km away. The tsunami reached a peak of 35m and sped through the Pacific Ocean, hitting Java and Sumatra and destroying about 300 villages. The tsunami-induced waves continued to cross the Indian Ocean, acrossed the Atlantic Ocean, and to the coasts of the United States and France. In just 32 hours, they covered about half the earth's equator. The tsunami killed 36,420 people.

Tsunami on Japan's northeast coast

On the morning of June 15, 1896, people along the northeastern coast of Japan were celebrating the annual Boys' Day. Tens of thousands of young men and women gathered on the beach by the sea to sing and dance. At noon, the happy people on the beach suddenly felt the earth trembling. At 20:20 am, the tsunami suddenly hit the shore, and more than 50,000 people on the beach were overwhelmed by the celebrations. Of the 150,000 earthquakes that struck off the coast of Japan, only 124 caused tsunamis, none of which caused serious damage. But the tsunami of June 15, 1896, was deadly. The tsunami swept across the land with unbreakable force, wiping out everything in its path. Far off the coast of Kobe, the tail of the first tsunami swept over two ships and sank them instantly, killing all 178 sailors on board. Towns and villages were engulfed in the water in the main tsunami zone. Kamaishi City disappeared in the waves, where 4,700 of the 6,557 residents were killed; only 143 of the 4,223 houses remained partially. In the village of Fuda Zhi, about 8km north of Kamaishi, only 100 of the 700 villagers survived. In Yamada village, 3,000 of the 4,200 people were killed. In Tony village, 1103 of the 1,200 people died. One town and 11 villages were lost in the area, and 6,000 people were drowned or smashed to death by collapsed houses. In the Iwate area, one in three people was killed or injured. In just five minutes, the tsunami killed 28,000 people.

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