The IKCEST International Symposium 2015 on Digital Knowledge for Science and
Engineering was held in Beijing Conference Center on November 17, 2015. More
than 400 representatives attended the symposium, including about twenty
internationally renowned foreign and domestic academicians and experts.
The symposium lasted one day and was hosted by the Chinese Academy of
Engineering and organized by the International Knowledge Centre for Engineering
Sciences and Technology under the auspices of UNESCO (shortened as “IKCEST”).
CAE Member Pan Yunhe and CAE Foreign Member Raj Reddy, also Turing Award Winner
served as co-chairs of the program committee of the symposium. Zhou Ji, President
of CAE, Hans Dencker Thulstrup, Programme Specialist for Natural Sciences of the
UNESCO Beijing Office, and Chen Zuoning, Vice President of CAE, addressed the
symposium. President Zhou said, the Chinese Academy of Engineering was very
willing to carry out active and in-depth cooperation with UNESCO and international
engineering science and technology in stitutions in information sharing, big data
technology research and knowledge services, thus jointly promoting the prosperity
and development of the world’s engineering science and technology sector.
The symposium was divided into two sessions. The morning session centered on "Digital
Knowledge for Science" and was moderated by CAE Member Wu Cheng, with four speakers
from all over the world giving keynote speeches respectively. Based on in-depth
analysis, CAE Member Pan Yunhe pinned down the root cause behind Big Data's
attracting attention from various countries to the fact that the world was
now entering into a new ternary space from a binary one of the past. With
great insight, the report suggested that the Big Data era would give way
to an age of Big Knowledge in the future. Prof. Raj Reddy talked about
surviving in an information intensive world of the 21st century and presented
two families of intelligent agents, that is, "cognition amplifiers" and
"guardian angels"to help with problem of scarcity of attention. Wu Zhiqiang,
Vice President of Tongji University, elaborated on the interactive relationship
between big data and intelligent urban planning and construction. The supportive
function of big data in the process of urban planning was further analyzed from
perspectives of flows of people, flows of natural elements, and flows of functions.
Prof. Otthein Herzog, Fellow of German National Academy of Science and Engineering,
said that the role of semantics for the analysis of non-scientific texts together with
images and videos had to be reshaped from a cultural neutral analysis to an analysis
based on cultural cues, and Knowledge Discovery methods for texts would be looked at
allowing us to extract knowledge buried deeply in mountains of data.
CAE Member Li Guojie moderated the afternoon session centered on "Digital Knowledge for
Engineering", and five speakers from all over the world gave keynote speeches. CAE
Member Xie Kechang proposed that a Professional Knowledge Service System for Energy
(PKSSE) was needed to collect and organize comprehensive data about energy for
finding a reasonable solution for energy development. Hsiao-Wuen Hon, Chairman
of the Microsoft Asia-Pacific R&D Group, provided an overview of the progress of
Artificial Intelligence, highlighted some recent milestone results in image recognition,
natural language understanding, and predicted the progress of AI in research and application
over the next 5-10 years. Eduardo M. Krieger, Full Member of Brazilian Academy of Sciences,
said in his presentation that the explosion of the data both in the biomedical research and
in the healthcare systems demanded urgent solutions, and efficient analysis and interpretation
of big data would open new avenues to explore molecular biology. CAE Member Gao Wen pointed
out that, there were at least three parts in intelligent cities: the sensing network,
the multimedia data center, and the decision procedure. He also interpreted the technologies
related to the first two parts. N. Balakrishnan, Fellow of Indian Institute of Science,
claimed the quality of S&T output and the growth indicators of most nations were correlated
with their leadership specifically in High Performance Computing and Big Data Science. And
he explored futuristic and mutually beneficial collaboration between India and other nations.
An atmosphere of warm friendship prevailed at the two panel discussion sessions, with
speakers answering questions raised by the audience, and in-depth interactive communication carried out.
The symposium provided a platform for top scientists and engineers, scholars and experts all
over the world to share research progress and insights, making significant contribution to
facilitate the world's engineering science and technology community to carry out active and
close cooperation in information sharing, big data technology research, and knowledge services,
etc. in the future.