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Measures and Countermeasures of Earthquake Prevention and Disaster Mitigation in China: Establishing and Perfecting Laws and Regulations

2017-05-27  |   Editor : houguangbing  
Category : HumanityNews

In order to reduce the impact of earthquake disaster on social life and economic construction, China has established and perfected the construction of earthquake laws and regulations. At the 29th session of the Eighth National People's Congress, on December 29, 1997, the Republic of the Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law, and on March 1, 1998 implementation, Wenchuan earthquake, the People's Republic of China Eleventh National People's Congress Standing Committee sixth meeting on December 27, 2008 revised, revised The Law of the People's Republic of China on Earthquake Disaster Mitigation was implemented on May 1, 2009.

The implementation of the People's Republic of China Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law in 2009 is the crystallization of the basic experience of earthquake prevention and mitigation of our people for decades. It is also a series of policies on the work of earthquake prevention and mitigation of the CPC Central Committee, the legalization and institutionalization of policies. In the socialist market economy under the conditions of further work to provide a basis for earthquake disaster prevention and protection. People's Republic of China Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law and a series of supporting laws and regulations, marking China's earthquake disaster reduction work into a new stage of legal management.

People's Republic of Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law provides that China's earthquake disaster reduction guidelines are: to prevent the main defense and rescue combined.

To established a top-down earthquake disaster management system, the State Council earthquake relief command agencies is responsible for the unified leadership, command and coordination of the national earthquake relief work. The local people's government at or above the county level earthquake disaster relief command agency is responsible for unified leadership, command and coordination of the administrative area of earthquake relief work. The competent departments of earthquake work under the State Council and the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the departments or agencies that manage the work of the earthquake and undertake the daily work of the people's governments at the same level.

At present, China has established a more comprehensive legal system for earthquake disaster reduction, the implementation of laws and regulations are:

issued earthquake prediction requirements(1998)

earthquake monitoring facilities and seismic observation of environmental protection regulations(1994)

Destructive Earthquake Emergency Regulations (1995)

China Seismic Intensity Zone" and its use regulations(2000)

China Earthquake Structural Parametric Map(2001)

Code for Seismic Design of Buildings (2010)

At the same time, the region has also established a number of local earthquake disaster reduction laws and regulations. The establishment and perfection of these laws and regulations mark the beginning of the earthquake prevention and mitigation work in China. In the future, earthquake disaster reduction and disaster reduction will gradually realize the goal of law and aim to achieve the purpose of alleviating the earthquake disaster in China.

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