Since ancient times, lightning strikes have always existed. According to
relevant research statistics, the global average annual direct economic loss
caused by lightning disasters now exceeds 1 billion dollars, and the death
toll is over 3,000. Lightning disaster has been listed as one of the world's
10 natural disasters by the United Nation.
We should have some common knowledge about avoiding thunder and lightning.
In the wild, lightning usually strikes spires of the highest object. Therefore,
isolated tall trees or buildings are the most vulnerable to thunderstorms. We
should obey the following rules to ensure safety when we are out of doors
(1) In thunderstorm weather, do not stay on the high-rise platform, and try
to stay away from the exposed smetal objects such as water pipes, gas pipes
and electrical equipment. In the open air, don’t enter isolated hut and
(2) It is very dangerous to take shelter from the thunderstorm under a tree
in thunderstorm. If you have no alternative, keep 3 metres away from the
trunk of the tree, squat and get your legs together.
(3) In case of thunder and lightning, there is a feeling of ants crawling on
the head, neck and hands with the hair standing up, indicating that lightning
will strike. At this time, you should lie on the ground quickly at this time
and remove your wearing metal jewelry, hair card, necklace so as to reduce
the risk of lightning stroke.
(4) If there is a thunderstorm outside and there is no time to leave tall
objects, you should immediately find some dry insulation and put your feet on
it. Do not place your feet on the ground outside the insulated object as water
(5) When hiding from the thunderstorm outside, be careful not to hold up the
ground with your hands. You should immediately squat down with your hands
around your knees and your chest should be closed to your knees. Furthermore,
keep your head down as much as possible because your head is more vulnerable
to lightning strikes than any other part of your body.
(6) When you see lightning in the outdoor and then, hear thunder within a few
seconds, it means that you are in the danger of thunderstorm. At this time,
you should stop walking, put your feet together and immediately squat down.
Do not pull with people. You had better use plastic rain gear, such as
(7) In a thunderstorm, it is also very dangerous to walk with an umbrella or
hold up a badminton racket, golf clubs, hoes, etc., as they can become
electrical conductors. In thunderstorm weather, it is not suitable for outdoor
ball games. What’s more, do not stay on the water surface or near the water.
Washing clothes, fishing, swimming and playing near the river are also dangerous.
(8) In thunderstorm, it is not advisable to drive a motorcycle, ride a bike
quickly and run in the rain. That’s because the greater the body's strides,
the greater the voltage, and the more harmful it is.
(9) If you see the high-voltage line broken by lightning outside, you should
be on high alert because there is a step voltage near the break point of the
high-voltage line. Beside,s people in the vicinity should not run at this
time, but should jump off the site with their feet together.
Sometimes, when you are in room, it doesn’t mean that you are 100 % safe.
Encountering thunderstorm, you should close door window to prevent thunder.
During thunderstorms, it is best to cut off the power supply of home appliances
and unplug the phone. Don't use cell phones, telephones, computers, or
televisions. It is possible to be harmed by lightning if you are exposed to
gas, water and electrical devices.
What’s more, be careful not to shower with a shower head during a thunderstorm,
as large thunderbolts may strike the shower head along the current.
If you are hit by thunder, light-injure can be bound up on the spot. If the
person's breathing and heartbeat have stopped after being struck by lightning,
he or she should be treated with artificial respiration and chest compression
immediately. At the same time, call 110 or 120.