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Emergency measures for an avalanche

2019-12-18  |   Editor : houguangbing  

If you are swept down a hill by an avalanche, try your best to climb up on the surface of the snow drift, lie low, move in a crawling position at the bottom of the avalanche, and create a large hole in your side as you rest.

Try to reach the surface before the snow solidifies. Get rid of the backpacks you've never been able to give up, which will get in the way when you're dug out. Save your energy and shout when you hear someone coming. At the same time, use the stoop, backstroke or doggie paddle to go to the upstream, escaping to the edge of the snow flow. When the snow is buried, calm down, let the saliva flow out so as to judge the bottom, and then strive to dig up. If you are going upstream, you may have to block the rocks and ice with your hands, but try to climb onto the surface of the snow.

Ice avalanches include ice towers and collapsed ice walls, usually caused by a midday heat or glacier movement. A massive avalanche of snowflakes could cause lower snow slopes to slide, leading to huge avalanches of the entire mountain. It is impossible to predict the time and scale of the ice avalanche, but it is possible to predict the situation of ice avalanche in this mountain through a long period of observation. If you want to pass through an unstable ice tower or an ice stream, be quick! This route is extremely dangerous.

No matter what happens, you must stay away from the avalanche routes and judge the situation. Instinctively, people run down the mountains, while snow and ice fall down the mountain too with speed of 200 kilometers per hour. So running down is dangerous since people may be buried in snow and ice; however, it's safer to run alongside or run to higher ground because you can avoid avalanches.

Throw away all the heavy stuff, such as backpacks, skis, poles, etc. If you are stuck in snow with these objects in the snow, it becomes more difficult to move. Never escape by skiing. But if you are on the edge of an avalanche, you can gallop out of danger. However, if the avalanche catches up with you and you can't get rid of it, remember to keep your mouth shut so that the snow and ice will not flow into your throat and lungs to cause suffocation. Firmly grasp anything solid on the hillside, like standing rock. Even if you get caught in it for a while, the ice will run out and you'll be out of danger.

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