BONN, 13 November, 2019:2020 is a year of reckoning
for implementation of the Sendai Framework,
the global plan for reducing disaster losses.
Target (e) of the Sendai Framework's seven targets,
sets a 2020 deadline for developing national and
local strategies for disaster risk reduction.
The same deadline applies to UN member States
finalizing National Adaptation Plans under the
Paris Agreement on climate.
These deadlines were uppermost in the thoughts of
more than 75 participants from 35 countries who
met in Bonn, Germany, for the third annual
Technical Forum on the "Contribution of the
Sendai Framework Monitoring (SFM) Process to
Reducing the Risk of the Most Vulnerable"
through November 5 to 7.and organised by UNDRR
with the support of the Government of Germany.
The good news is that 103 countries are now reporting
on their disaster losses for 2018 ensuring that
progress can be measured on reducing disaster losses
across four key targets of the Sendai Framework:
reducing mortality, numbers of people affected,
economic losses and damage to critical infrastructure.
Speaking at the opening, the Deputy Head of the Liaison
Office for the UN Campus – Bonn, Federal Foreign Office
of Germany, Stefan Kruschke, acknowledged progress
achieved so far and emphasized the complex challenges
posed by natural and human-induced hazards.
“Disasters create complex challenges, destroying human
lives and dignity which require more action," Mr. Kruschke said.
“Disasters are key obstacles to sustainable development
and are increasingly intensified by climate change”
said Ricardo Mena, Chief of the Supporting and Monitoring
Sendai Framework Implementation Branch of UNDRR in his
welcome remarks. Mr. Mena also called for greater
ambition in the implementation of measures to
reduce disaster losses.
Participants represented UN entities and various other
stakeholders. OECD-DAC members like Germany and
Switzerland exchanged experiences on Sendai
Framework Monitoring with LDCs in the break-out groups.
Small Island Development States like Barbados and
Nauru showed their commitment and made strong
contributions to the discussions. Offices responsible
for disaster risk reduction and those for official
national statistics shared differing perspectives
on the topic of monitoring disaster losses.
Country representatives shared their successes and
best practices. Ensuring buy in of all the relevant
ministries and departments is critical for reporting.
said one speaker. Developing the capacity of personnel
in monitoring pays rich dividends said another.
Speakers also spoke about the challenges they faced.
Whether in quantifying international cooperation or
disaggregating data by gender, age or income;
constraints in attribution and data collection
continue to be limiting factors for reporting.
There was a strong recommendation for working
with the UN Resident Coordinator system to build
a broad-based network of strong institutions
that contributes to the SFM process.
The Sendai Framework targets and indicators
also measure progress on three critical SDGs:
Goal 1, end poverty in all its forms everywhere;
Goal 11, make cities and human settlements
inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable;
and Goal 13, take urgent action to combat
climate change and its impacts.
Given that five of the seven Sendai Framework
targets directly feed into the SDG monitoring
mechanism, the Technical Forum agreed that
building stronger political will and making
the business case for engaging finance and
planning ministries, are key to effective
social and economic policy making.
Bhutan showcased the development of custom
targets and related indicators aligned to the
Sendai Framework. Custom targets are targets
developed by the countries based on their own
particular context and disaster profile, and
they enable monitoring and reporting to go
beyond the seven global targets of the Sendai
Framework. The custom indicators are directly
linked to Sendai Framework target (e) as they
were overwhelmingly acknowledged as a key
instrument for monitoring national and local
strategies for disaster risk reduction.
It was generally agreed that the success of
Sendai Framework monitoring, and achieving
coherence among global frameworks, lies in
the close cooperation among all entities
concerned in achieving target (e).
The countdown has started to next year's
Technical Forum which will take stock of t
he level of achievement in implementing target (e).
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - Regional Office for Europe (UNDRR ROE),
Provided by the IKCEST Disaster Risk Reduction Knowledge Service System