Natural disasters pose threats and challenges to human survival
and well-being. At the same time, their frequent occurrence has
become the driving force for mankind to create wisdom, culture,
and civilization. Continued global warming not only increases
the likelihood of climate-induced disasters (such as droughts,
heatwaves, and wildfires), but also increases the likelihood
of flood-related disasters, and intensifies the interaction
of major ocean floods disasters. Effects, rising coastal
water levels, and flooding disasters in inland rivers.
Figure.1 Where a natural disaster is most likely to strike
As the COVID-19 pandemic raged on for the second year, a number of
countries around the world battled a wave of extreme weather events
from massive earthquakes in Haiti to torrential storms across Europe
Volcano Eruption Kills More Than 40 in Indonesia
Indonesia’s Mount Semeru erupted on Dec. 4.2021, devastating
the village of Curah Kobokan and killing 45 people, according
to Reuters. Multiple reports indicate that the villagers were
not warned about the volcano’s activity, thus preventing evacuation
efforts. On Dec. 17 authorities raised the death toll to 48 and
warned of a possible new eruption, according to The Associated
Press. Located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Indonesia, as well
as the Philippines and Japan, faces recurring volcanic
eruptions and earthquakes.
Cyclone Tauktae Kills at Least 200 in India
Before Cyclone Tauktae reached the Indian coastal state of Gujarat
on May.1, the storm had already killed six people and added at
least 109 others to its toll after landfall, according to the
Indian Express. However, later reports found that Tauktae had
wrought further destruction in the Arabian Sea, where an additional
86 people who were aboard a tugboat and barge drowned.
Flash Floods Kill 201 in India and Nepal
Torrential rain fell across Nepal and the Indian states of
Kerala and Uttarakhand during the week of Oct. 18, bringing
with it significant flooding and landslides and claiming the
lives of 201 people, according to CNN.
Floods, Landslides in China Kill at Least 302
Torrential rain fell, and waters swept through China’s Henan
province, triggering floods and landslides that took the
lives of at least 302 people on July 20, according to BBC
News. Additionally, thousands of homes were damaged, the
bulk of which were in the provincial capital of Zhengzhou.
Super Typhoon Rai Kills 375 in the Philippines
A typhoon slammed into the Philippines on Dec. 16, displacing
hundreds of thousands of people, killing at least 375 and
injuring 500 more, according to BBC News. With winds as
high as 195 kph (120 mph), the damage wrought has been
devastating, with many buildings unsalvageable. On average,
the country experiences 20 storms each year.
Provided by the IKCEST Disaster Risk Reduction Knowledge Service System