In order to reduce the impact of earthquake disaster on social life and economic
construction, China has established and perfected the construction of earthquake
laws and regulations. At the 29th session of the Eighth National People's Congress,
on December 29, 1997, the Republic of the Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law,
and on March 1, 1998 implementation, Wenchuan earthquake, the People's Republic
of China Eleventh National People's Congress Standing Committee sixth meeting on
December 27, 2008 revised, revised The Law of the People's Republic of China on
Earthquake Disaster Mitigation was implemented on May 1, 2009.
The implementation of the People's Republic of China Earthquake Disaster Mitigation
Law in 2009 is the crystallization of the basic experience of earthquake prevention
and mitigation of our people for decades. It is also a series of policies on the work
of earthquake prevention and mitigation of the CPC Central Committee, the legalization
and institutionalization of policies. In the socialist market economy under the conditions
of further work to provide a basis for earthquake disaster prevention and protection.
People's Republic of China Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law and a series of supporting
laws and regulations, marking China's earthquake disaster reduction work into a new
stage of legal management.
People's Republic of Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Law provides that China's earthquake
disaster reduction guidelines are: to prevent the main defense and rescue combined.
To established a top-down earthquake disaster management system, the State
Council earthquake relief command agencies is responsible for the unified leadership,
command and coordination of the national earthquake relief work. The local people's
government at or above the county level earthquake disaster relief command agency is
responsible for unified leadership, command and coordination of the administrative area of
earthquake relief work. The competent departments of earthquake work under the State Council
and the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for
the departments or agencies that manage the work of the earthquake and undertake the daily
work of the people's governments at the same level.
At present, China has established a more comprehensive legal system for earthquake disaster
reduction, the implementation of laws and regulations are:
issued earthquake prediction requirements(1998)
earthquake monitoring facilities and seismic observation of environmental protection
Destructive Earthquake Emergency Regulations (1995)
China Seismic Intensity Zone" and its use regulations（2000）
China Earthquake Structural Parametric Map(2001)
Code for Seismic Design of Buildings (2010)
At the same time, the region has also established a number of local
earthquake disaster reduction laws and regulations. The establishment
and perfection of these laws and regulations mark the beginning of
the earthquake prevention and mitigation work in China. In the future,
earthquake disaster reduction and disaster reduction will gradually
realize the goal of law and aim to achieve the purpose of alleviating
the earthquake disaster in China.