Urban design for post-earthquake reconstruction emphasizes strategies,
safety, memorials and institutional arrangements.
It is closely related to earthquake recovery plans.
The article reviews general studies on urban design for
post-earthquake reconstruction, before focussing on the case of
Weizhou Town in Wenchuan County, which in 2008 was severely damaged
by a magnitude-8 earthquake. Unique institutional arrangements,
however, led to a rapid recovery and reconstruction process.
The urban design for post-earthquake reconstruction in Weizhou Town
was an integrated approach that promoted both long-term and
short-term developments and combined the creation of public space
with the provision of public facilities. It created four
interwoven systems, namely a safety system, a memorial system,
a tourism system and a network of open spaces.
The study shows that the urban design for postearthquake reconstruction
in Weizhou Town greatly improved the safety and vibrancy of the town,
whereas the topedown approach and the rapid reconstruction process resulted in new problems.