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May 9, 2017 Earthquake Information of Vanuatu

Date: 2017-05-29     Editor : jiping      View counts: 506    

Label

Introduction to the earthquake

  • Magnitude:6.8 mww ±0.1

  • Location uncertainty:14.598°S 167.375°E ±2.5 km

  • Depth uncertainty:169.0 km ±1.9

  • Origin Time:2017-05-09 13:52:10.920 UTC

  • FE Region:VANUATU (186)


Longitude

An earthquake begins to rupture at a hypocenter which is defined by a position on the surface of the earth (epicenter) and a depth below this point (focal depth). We provide the coordinates of the epicenter in units of latitude and longitude. The latitude is the number of degrees north (N) or south (S) of the equator and varies from 0 at the equator to 90 at the poles. The longitude is the number of degrees east (E) or west (W) of the prime meridian which runs through Greenwich, England. The longitude varies from 0 at Greenwich to 180 and the E or W shows the direction from Greenwich. The position uncertainty of the hypocenter location varies from about 100 m horizontally and 300 meters vertically for the best located events, those in the middle of densely spaced seismograph networks, to 10s of kilometers for global events in many parts of the world.

Depth

The depth where the earthquake begins to rupture. The choice of reference depth is dependent on the method used to locate the earthquake, which varies by seismic network. Since ComCat includes data from many different seismic networks, the process for determining the depth is different for different events. The depth is the least-constrained parameter in the earthquake location, and the error bars are generally larger than the variation due to different depth determination methods.

Sometimes when depth is poorly constrained by available seismic data, the location program will set the depth at a fixed value. For example, 33 km is often used as a default depth for earthquakes determined to be shallow, but whose depth is not satisfactorily determined by the data, whereas default depths of 5 or 10 km are often used in mid-continental areas and on mid-ocean ridges since earthquakes in these areas are usually shallower than 33 km.

Sub type
Miscellaneous
Location
Oceania
Date
longitude
167.375 °
latitude
-14.598 °
Url

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