Based on the daily air temperature, precipitation and other multi-source data of meteorological stations, the percentile threshold method is used to calculate the extremely low temperature, high temperature and precipitation days of each meteorological station. The spatial distribution characteristics of extreme weather events are obtained by using Kriging interpolation. The data set shows the extremely low temperature, high temperature and precipitation days in the adjacent regions of China and Russia: Heilongjiang Province and the coastal border region. It helps users to understand the temporal and spatial distribution of extreme weather events in this region, and provides a reference and basis for users and further research.
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