The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations was born in 1994 and belongs to the Federal Executive Authority. It is the core of an organization that handles emergencies in Russia. Its main task is to formulate and implement national policies on civil defense and response to emergencies and to implement a series of preventive and Disaster mitigation measures and humanitarian aid to affected areas at home and abroad. The fact that Russia has more natural disasters and more emergencies has prompted the government to establish a specialized rescue and relief team. The mechanism and practice of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations in dealing with natural disasters are summarized in the following aspects. 1. Establish a professional rescue and relief team. 2. Strengthen disaster prediction and forecasting. 3. Implementation of professional rescue. 4. Emphasis on disaster relief knowledge education. 5. Strengthen international cooperation.